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Civil Engineer

Career Overview

civil engineer as a career

Are you eager to build a better world by helping people live in an improved society? The glory of having designed a bridge, dam, a brilliant notable structure or any of the finished products plays a large role in choosing this discipline of engineering, the applications of which are the broadest and the most visible.

Civil Engineering, the oldest and most sought after engineering branch, is mainly concerned with the design, creation and maintenance of infrastructure in the built and natural environment surrounding us. Be it the bridges, roads, railways, tunnels, train stations or the constant supply of clean water, without civil engineers, the world we live in would be completely unrecognizable. Civil engineers take pride in their work, and with good reason as a civil engineer, you'll have the satisfaction of knowing that thousands, perhaps millions of people will see and also benefit from what you've created. There are two main types of Civil engineers, namely, consulting civil engineer and contracting civil engineer. The consulting and structural civil engineer is responsible for designing structures and work closely with the client often managing the projects on their behalf. Contractors meanwhile, actually build the project once the designs are finalized. The career may require travel, as civil engineers move from place to place to work on different projects, surveying the progress of construction and resolving issues.

Salaries and Job Outlook*

Median Annual Pay INR 3.5 lacs per annum
Number of Jobs
Projected Growth Rate

The salary range of a civil engineer depends on various factors like educational qualifications, work location, employer, skills, and the institute from where one has pursued their degree. With a continuous upgrade of skills and added years of experience, pay packets are sure to increase progressively. Job prospects are bright considering the rising demand for advanced infrastructure and you may find plenty of opportunities in government departments, MNCs, PSUs and private organizations. After gaining years of experience from reputed organizations, you can also set up your own engineering consultancy. Indian engineers are in high demand in Asia, Africa and the Middle east, however the decision to go abroad must be thoroughly analyzed considering all possible work scenarios and prevailing socio political environment. The above table mentions the industry standards of annual pay, job growth and number of jobs generated.

Generally a civil engineer's starting salary could be in the range of INR 2.5lacs to 3.5 lacs p.a if graduated from colleges other than IIT. The latter usually earns approximately INR 7.0 to 8.0 lacs p.a

Education and Training

Degrees Required:
B.E B.tech

A post graduate or master's degree is usually recommended for better designation and salaries. In India, there are several universities and institutes that offer M.Tech programmes in Civil engineering and are two years full time in duration. Furthermore, scholarships, stipends and financial assistance are always in abundance if you qualify on the expected merit.

It is also possible to become an engineer if you are already employed in the industry, perhaps as an engineering technician. Such trainings and workshops also help you with improved technical skills and better employability as civil engineers.

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Valued Traits & Abilities

Creativity & Innovative
Analytical Skills
Decision-Making Skills
Quantitative Abilities

Career Opportunities

Civil engineers form the backbone for any country's development and can find jobs in government departments, private and public sectors, research and teaching institutions. Although the construction industry is vulnerable to economic fluctuations, opportunities are expected to increase with infrastructure development.

Being a civil engineer is satisfying, yet challenging and requires mixing creativity and science. Today's civil engineers face the challenge of creating structures which at times seem to defy gravity, science and even logic. Apart from civil engineering jobs you can also look forward to a good career in various other enterprises like teaching and research as well. Joining the defense or civil services are equally great options to explore after earning your degree as civil engineer. There is no best specialization under this field but the most important thing is for you to first figure out what area interests you. So if you are willing to work hard and pick up new skills, the opportunities in this field are limitless.

Structural Engineering

They form the key component in the construction process and mainly deal with the design structures keeping in mind factors such as safety, economic viability and functioning and future changes that are likely to occur.

Environmental Engineering

These engineers use the science and principles to design solutions that help tackle environmental problems. Many of them work for government departments on projects like waste treatment and water supply systems.

Materials Engineering

These engineers are specialists in materials that must meet specialized design and performance specifications in machineries. Their work includes developing, modifying, testing and evaluating materials and advises on maintenance and repair as well.

Earthquake engineering

They are otherwise known as seismic engineers can be defined as the branch of engineering devoted to mitigating earthquake hazards. They are involved in investigation and designing solutions for structures to combat damage caused by earthquake.

Transportation Engineering

These engineers are employed on projects involved in roads, railways, seaports and canals and their job is to ensure the safety of public roads and transportation systems. They are usually employed by Government agencies or may also work for consulting companies.

Hydraulic and Water Resources engineering

A subset of Civil engineering that help plan for water use, treatment, wastewater disposal methods and distribution. They also address problems caused by global warming , ageing infrastructure and higher quality of living.

Top Companies

  • Larsen & Turbo( L&T)
  • DLF
  • Tata Projects
  • Hindustan Construction Company
  • Punj Lloyd
  • Balaji Railroad systems
  • Unitech
  • SAIL
  • BHEL
  • ISRO
  • NTPC
  • BARC